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Glossary of Terms and Key Skin Care Ingredients




Palmitoyl Oligopeptide. The palmitic acid ester of a synthetic peptide consisting of two or more of the following amino acids: alanine, arginine, aspartic acid, glycine, histidine, lysine, proline, serine, or valine.

Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-4. A reaction product of palmitic acid and Pentapeptide-4.

Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7. Is the reaction product of palmitic acid and Tetrapeptide-7

SPanthenol.  A Vitamin B complex factor used widely in skin and hair products for its conditioning properties.

Pea Extract. See Pisum Sativum.

Pentapeptide-4. A synthetic peptide containing lysine, serine and threonine.

ScienceNaturePeptide. A  peptide is a polymer consisting of 2 to approximately 20 amino acids connected by peptide bonds, a special linkage in which the nitrogen atom of one amino acid binds to the carboxyl carbon atom of another.

NaturePisum Sativum (Pea Extract). Delivers time-released firming properties.

Phlux.  A term coined by Dr. Gross to refer to the fluctuation in pH that the skin experiences as it goes from acidic to neutral during peels.  Appears to be an even bigger catalyst in cell turnover and collagen formation than conventional exfoliation alone.  It is why it is so important to use both Step 1 and Step 2 of MD Skincare's Alpha Beta® Daily Face and Body Peels.

ScienceNaturePhospholipids.  Natural substances found in all living cells that help draw water from the air and seal moisture into the skin.

NaturePhyllanthus Emblica. An herb derived from the bark, leaves, flowers and roots of the Phyllanthus emblica tree.  Used in Ayurvedic medicine for many different medical treatments.  Studies show that it has dramatic antioxidant benefits which work synergistically with Vitamin C.

NaturePrunus Amygdalus Dulcis Oil (Sweet Almond Oil). A super emollient and natural oil.

NaturePueraria Lobata Root Extract.  Extracted from the Kudzu Root, it is rich in Isoflavones and Genestein, and has powerful anti-inflammatory properties.  It is very soothing and calming for the skin. 

NaturePunica Granatum Extract (Pomegranate). Powerful antioxidants.

ScienceNatureQuercetin Caprylate. Antioxidant that reduces inflammation and soothes skin.

NatureRanunculus Ficaria (Pilewort Extract). Reduces inflammation.

ScienceRetinol.  A Vitamin A derived ingredient that reduces skins own collagen-destroying enzymes which accelerate with aging.  Also promotes collagen.  Incorporating both Vitamin C and Retinol into a daily skincare regimen will help combat erosion of both collagen and elastin.  Using a cream or gel with Vitamin C and retinol at night will help to jump-start collagen production.

NatureRicinus Communis (Castor Seed Oil). A plant based skin-conditioning agent.

Rosacea.  An inflammatory acne condition that is often genetic and/or caused by environmental triggers.

ScienceNatureaccharomyces/Xylinum/Black Tea Ferment (Kombuchka). Enhances skin radiance and luster; decreases yellow and grey tones.

ScienceSalicylic Acid.  See Beta Hydroxy Acid.  Enhances penetration (and therefore effectiveness) of ingredients such as Vitamin C.

NatureSalix Alba (Willow Bark Extract). A precursor to both Beta Hydroxy Acids (Salicylic Acid) and aspiring (Acetylsalicylic Acid), it is a potent anti-inflammatory and natural antibacterial agent.

ScienceNatureSodium Ascorbyl Phosphate (SAP). A stabilized form of Vitamin C. It is an essential nutrient for collagen production and also serves as an antioxidant.

Shea Butter. See Butyrospermum Parkii.

Silybum Marianum Fruit Extract (Silymarin). Potent antioxidant derived from Milk Thistle.

Silymarin. See Silybum Marianum Fruit Extract.

NatureSimmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba Seed Extract). Moisturizes and softens the skin.      

ScienceSodium Bicarbonate.  A gentle, naturally-occurring alkaline substance that is a superior neutralizer for acids.

Sodium Hyaluronate (Hyaluronic Acid).  The natural occurring substance in skin that first attracts, then locks water in the dermis, giving skin its thickness and reducing the appearance of wrinkles and lines.  It can hold up to 1000 times its own weight in water.  The “non-oil” component to the skin’s natural moisturizing mechanism.  As we age, our skin's overall water content, which plumps skin and makes lines less visible, and its hyaluronic acid stores both decline.

ScienceSodium PCA. High-performance humectant recommended for dry, delicate and sensitive skin.

NatureSolanum Lycopersicum (Tomato Fruit Extract - Lycopenes). Helps to reduce wrinkles, fine lines and fend off free radicals; prevents collagen breakdown.

ScienceNatureSoy Isoflavones (Genistein). An active ingredient found in Soy Extract that stimulates collagen production and diminishes collagen breakdown.  In addition to free radicals, skin contains naturally occurring enzymes that erode collagen.  Genistein, isolated by Dr. Genistein in Switzerland, has been shown to block and diminish these collagen-destroying enzymes significantly.  Also thickens skin dramatically by working like estrogen, but without the negative side effects of HRT (hormone replacement therapy). Gentle for all skin types and non-irritating; works well with all other anti-aging ingredients.

ScienceNatureSqualane.  An ingredient that can be found in olive oil, wheat germ oil and rice bran oil. It is an emollient that prevents water evaporation from the skin and it is a constituent of skin.

Sulfur. See Colloidal Sulfur.

Sweet Almond Oil.  See Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis Oil.

Symphytum Officinale (Comfrey Extract). An ingredient that has traditionally been used to treat wounds. The roots and leaves of comfrey contain allantoin, a substance that promotes wound healing and tissue regeneration.

Tego Cosmo. See 1-Methylhydantoin-2-imide.

Tetrapeptide-7.  A synthetic peptide containing arginine, glutamine, glycine and proline.

ScienceTitanium Dioxide.  A physical sunscreen that protects against both UVA and UVB rays.

NatureTheobroma Cacao (Cocoa Seed Butter). Softens and lubricates the skin.

Tomato Fruit Extract. See Solanum Lycopersicum.

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