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SKIN CARE INGREDIENT GLOSSARY
ALL | A-B | C | D-E | F-J | K-O | P-T | U-Z

Glossary of Terms and Key Skin Care Ingredients

=Science

 

=Nature

NatureKaolin. A pure, white clay found naturally in the ground. The clay's mildly drying and disinfectant properties help to heal blemishes, while preventing new ones from forming. It is also great at absorbing moisture and oil on the skin.

Keratosis Pilaris. A very common genetic follicular condition that is manifested by the appearance of rough bumps on the skin and is often referred to as "chicken skin". It most often appears on the back and outer sides of the upper arms.  It occurs because excess keratin, a natural protein in the skin, accumulates within the hair follicles, forming hard plugs.

Kombuchka. See Saccharomyces/Xylinum/Black Tea Ferment.

Lactic Acid.  A naturally-occurring Alpha Hydroxy Acid derived from dairy products.  Helps speed up cell turnover/cell renewal. 

NatureLavandula Angustifolia. Known for healing benefits.

Lavender.  See Lavandula Angustifolia.

Licorice Root Extract. See Glycyrrhiza Glabra.   

NatureLinoleic Acid. An unsaturated fatty acid derived from plants, that is essential to skin health.

Lumiskin™. See Diacetylboldine 

ScienceNatureLycopenes.  A newly recognized group of antioxidants derived from red fruits and vegetables, including watermelon, red grapes, red peppers, beets, pink grapefruit and especially tomatoes.  Extremely effective at fending off environmental free radicals, helping to prevent the breakdown of collagen.  May specifically diminish damage from free radicals sparked by the sun.   

ScienceMalic Acid.  A naturally-occurring Alpha Hydroxy Acid derived from apples.  Helps speed up cell turnover/cell renewal.

ScienceMannitol.  A sugar based humectant.

Matricaria Oil and Extract. See Chamomilla Recutita.

Medical-Grade Ingredients.  The highest standard used in formulating skincare products, utilizing ingredients synthesized or isolated in the most pure form.

Melasma.  A tan or dark facial skin discoloration. Although it can affect anyone, melasma is particularly common in women, especially pregnant women and those who are taking oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy (HRT) medications.  The symptoms of melasma are dark, irregular patches commonly found on the upper cheek, nose, lips, upperlip and forehead.  Melasma is thought to be the stimulation of melanocytes or pigment-producing cells by the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone to produce more melanin pigments when the skin is exposed to sun.

Microexfoliation™. A gentle, non–irritating method of removing cellular debris from the surface of the skin, resulting in a smoother, firmer more even complexion.

Milia. Benign, keratin-filled cysts that can appear just under the epidermis.

MSM. See Dimethyl Sulfone.

ScienceNatureNiacinamide. One of two principal forms of the B-complex Vitamin B3.  It is a potent antioxidant and is a proven skin-lightening agent. 

Noncomedogenic. Not tending to clog pores or cause blackheads.

ScienceOctinoxate.  Chemical sunblock: UVB rays.

ScienceOctisalate.  Chemical sunblock: UVB rays.

NatureOenothera Biennis (Evening Primrose Oil). A botanical property described as an anti-inflammatory, also improves skin hydration. Supplies gamma-linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid.

NatureOlea Europea (Olive Oil).  A natural super emollient; helps active ingredients to penetrate.

Olive Oil.  See Olea Europea.

Organification. The process of organification allows trace minerals beneficial to the skin to be absorbed in a healthy way.

Osmosis Diffusion. Regulates the movement of water into and out of tissues in living organisms through a semi-permeable membrane from a less concentrated solution to a more concentrated one, until both are equalized.

ScienceOxybenzone.  A potent sunscreen that absorbs UVA rays.


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