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SKIN CARE INGREDIENT GLOSSARY
ALL | A-B | C | D-E | F-J | K-O | P-T | U-Z

Glossary of Terms and Key Skin Care Ingredients

=Science

 

=Nature

ScienceFarnesol.   Widely found throughout the plant world and in many essential oils. It inhibits bacterial growth and has antioxidant properties.

Fibroblasts.  Connective-tissue cells that secrete proteins, especially collagen, from which the extracellular matrix of connective tissue forms.

Free Radicals.  Chemicals that destroy collagen and lead to wrinkles, lines, etc.  New research shows that there are at least two different kinds of free radicals - those triggered by the body (metabolic) and those sparked by the sun and other environmental aggressors, such as pollution and smoke.  Both types function like little darts, destroying skin-supporting collagen and elastin, but respond to different antioxidants.  This is why skincare products that incorporate as many different kinds of antioxidants as possible are the most effective.

NatureFruit Extracts (Apple, Lemon, Orange).
Apple Fruit Extract – an Alpha Hydroxy Acid that exfoliates and tones.
Blueberry Fruit Extract - a powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent
Lemon Fruit Extract – an astringent that reduces irritation and oiliness.
Orange Fruit Extract – increases circulation and reduces blemishes.
Pomegranate Fruit Extract - a powerful antioxidant

GABA.  See Aminobutyric Acid. 

Genistein.  See Soy Isoflavones.

ScienceGlycerin.  A highly effective humectant present in all natural lipids.  Attracts just the right amount of water to skin to maintain balance.  Helps keep skin's intercellular layer intact, forming a natural barrier that keeps moisture in and skin smooth.

ScienceGlycolic Acid.  A naturally-occurring Alpha Hydroxy Acid derived from sugar.  Helps speed up cell turnover/cell renewal. 

NatureGlycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice Root Extract). Soothes and calms the skin.

NatureGrape Seed Extract.  See Vitis Vinifera.

NatureGreen Tea Extract.  See Camellia Sinensis Extract.  

NatureHamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel). An extract from the bark of the witch hazel tree with proven astringent, toning, and anti-inflammatory effects.  Also dissolves excess sebum without stripping skin.  Has all the benefits of alcohol without the potential side effects.

Humectant.  A substance used to attract moisture to the skin and retain it.

Hyaluronic Acid.  See Sodium Hyaluronate. 

ScienceHydra-Pure Chelating Complex™. A proprietary complex of chelators which remove heavy metals from the surface of the skin, which are impurities that lead to various skin conditions.

Hyperpigmentation. The darkening of an area of the skin caused by an increase in melanin. Hyperpigmentation may be caused by sun damage, acne inflammation, or other skin injuries.

Inhiphase.  See Pueraria Lobata

Jojoba Seed Extract. See Simmondsia Chinensis.       


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