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SKIN CARE INGREDIENT GLOSSARY
ALL | A-B | C | D-E | F-J | K-O | P-T | U-Z

Glossary of Terms and Key Skin Care Ingredients

=Science

 

=Nature

ScienceDiacetyl Boldine (Lumiskin™). Naturally derived from the bark of a Chilean tree, it is a potent antioxidant that brightens and evens skin tone.

ScienceDimethicone.  An oil-free, moisturizing ingredient that helps protect and condition skin and self-adjusts to absorb only where needed.

ScienceDimethyl Sulfone (MSM). Essential to the structure of collagen; an ingredient which supplies sulfur to the skin. Since sulfur has been found to be present in the amino acids that comprise collagen it is believed that incorporating sulfur into skincare products and into a healthy diet could have a huge impact on skin health and preventing - even reversing - the signs of premature aging. 

ScienceDipeptide-2. A synthetic peptide containing valine and tryptophan.   

Elastin.  One of the skin's two structural proteins, the other being collagen.  Gives skin its flexibility, enabling it to stretch, then snap back into place.

Emblica. See Phyllanthus Emblica.

Emollient. An ingredient that softens the skin.  Similar in structure to natural lipids found in the skin, helps prevent dryness, soothes irritated skin and makes rough skin smooth.

Enzymes. Enzymes are special proteins that exist in the cells of all living beings. Their purpose is to facilitate naturally occurring biochemical reactions.

NatureEpilobium Angustifolium Extract (Willowherb Extract). A safe, natural anti-inflammatory that works quickly to sooth irritated skin. 

Essential Fatty Acids. Sometimes referred to as Vitamin F, essential fatty acids are long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids derived from linolenic, linoleic  and oleic acids and are crucial to our body’s basic functioning. Since the body cannot make them they must be supplied by food or supplements, which is why they are called “essential” nutrients.  Not only do they regulate several of our bodily functions, including the inflammatory response to injury, they also form part of the structure of cell membranes and are essential for rebuilding cells and producing new ones.  Studies show that EFA's are essential to the normal health, function, and beauty of the skin.  They can be found in vegetable oils (grape seed, evening primrose, sesame and soybean) and in seeds, nuts, legumes and whole grain products.

NatureEssential Oils. Oils that usually have the characteristic fragrance or flower of the plant.

NatureEvening Primrose Oil. See Oenothera Biennis Oil.

Exfoliant.  An ingredient or device, such as a washcloth or loofah, that revs up cell turnover by sloughing off dead surface cells.  Improves skin texture, evens tone and increases radiance.  Exfoliating acids such as Alpha Hydroxy and Beta Hydroxy Acids may also play a role in building skin-firming collagen and elastin.  In peels, it is not only the exfoliating action of acids that increases collagen formation, but the pH fluctuation the skin experiences as it goes from acidic to neutral.  Dr. Gross has coined the term Phlux to refer to this powerful action, which appears to be an even bigger catalyst in cell renewal.


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