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SKIN CARE INGREDIENT GLOSSARY
ALL | A-B | C | D-E | F-J | K-O | P-T | U-Z

Glossary of Terms and Key Skin Care Ingredients

=Science

 

=Nature

Science1-Methylhydantoin-2-imide (Tego Cosmo). Blocks the enzyme that produces melanin to reduce discoloration.

Ascorbic Acid Polypeptide. A reaction product of ascorbic acid and hydrolyzed protein.

Alpha Hydroxy Acids.  Ingredients that aid exfoliation by weakening the links between cells in the outer layer of dead skin, allowing the normal shedding process to occur at a more optimum rate.  By helping new cells surface, they improve skin texture, unclog pores and facilitate absorption of moisturizers.  It may also help play a role in building skin-firming collagen and elastin, especially when incorporated into a two-step chemical peel.  AHAs include lactic (from dairy products), glycolic (from sugar), malic (from apples) and citric (from citrus fruits).  Dr. Gross has found that skincare products with several different kinds of acids (AHA and BHA) are the most effective and least irritating, because when many acids are combined, each can be used in a lower (i.e. milder) concentration.

ScienceAminobutyric Acid (GABA).  Reduces fine lines and wrinkles immediately.

Antioxidants.  Serve as the antidote to free radicals by neutralizing their detrimental effects on collagen in the skin. For example, visualize free radicals as tiny darts poking holes in collagen. The bad news: As we age, our bodies no longer produce sufficient antioxidants to fight free radicals. The good news: Just as there are different species of free radicals, modern science has identified different kinds of antioxidants to combat them.  Dr. Gross recommends using products containing as many different kinds of antioxidants as possible.

ScienceAllantoin.  A substance known for its healing, soothing and anti-irritating properties.  Softens skin and stimulates the formation of healthy tissue.  Helps eliminate chapping and cracking, leaving skin silky, smooth and healthy-looking.  Found in herbs such as comfrey, wheat and sugar beets.

NatureAloe Barbadensis Leaf Extract (Aloe). Moisturizes, soothes, anti-inflammatory, wound-healing.

NatureArbutin. Inhibits melanin production in the skin.

NatureArnica Extract. An ingredient that improves the appearance of dry or damaged skin by reducing flaking and restoring suppleness.

ScienceAvobenzone (Parsol 1789). A chemical sunscreen that offers broad range protection against UVA rays.

Ayurvedic Medicine.  Refers to a form of holistic, alternative medicine developed in India.  The term "ayurveda" derives from two Sanskrit words: ayu, meaning life, and veda, meaning science.  Ayurvedic skincare focuses on plant extracts and essential oils.

NatureBentonite.  A clay that dries down to absorb oil from the skin.

Beta Hydroxy Acid.  Also known as Salicylic Acid. Aids exfoliation by weakening the links between cells in the outer layer of dead skin, allowing the normal shedding process to occur at a more optimum rate.  By helping new cells surface, it improves skin texture, unclogs pores, enhances penetration (and therefore effectiveness) of ingredients such as Vitamin C.  It may also play a role in building skin-firming collagen and elastin, especially when incorporated into a two-step chemical peel.  Although synthetic, it is close in structure to an acid that occurs naturally in skin, making it generally nonirritating.  Dr. Gross has found that skincare products with several different kinds of acids (AHAs and BHAs) are the most effective and least irritating, because when many acids are combined, each can be used in a lower (i.e. milder) concentration.  Beta Hydroxy Acid is derived from willow bark and birch.  Medical grade BHA is actually synthesized in a laboratory.

NatureBioflavonoids.  Plant pigments whose potent antioxidant powers keep fruits and vegetables from turning brown. Act as powerful antioxidants in the body and considered effective free-radical scavengers.  Also essential for the stability and absorption of antioxidant, Vitamin C, one of the key collagen-building catalysts.  Found in apricots, cherries, cantaloupe, papaya, grape seed extract, citrus fruits, black tea, onions, parsley, legumes, red wine, red grapes and all blue and purple berries.

ScienceNatureBisabolol.  Found as a natural component of chamomile, Bisabolol is an effective anti-irritant and anti-inflammatory ingredient.  It is very soothing and calming for red, irritated skin.

Blackheads.  A plug of keratin and sebum within a hair follicle that is blackened at the surface.

Blueberry Fruit Extract. See Vaccinium Angustifolia.

Broad Spectrum Protection.  Protects from both ultraviolet light type A and B.  Also commonly noted as UVA and UVB protection.

NatureButyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter). Skin conditioning agent.


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